In the coasts of Cyprus, dunes occur locally behind sandy beaches in several bays. Bay sand dunes and barrier island dunes are the main sand dune types recognised in the country. The most extensive dune systems, barrier islands and spits can be found in Akrotiri peninsula were the Kourisand Garyllis rivers have brought much sediment to the sea and contributed to the creation of one of the most important dune systems in Cyprus. The dunes of Akrotiri include several dune sites classified because of their structure and function as well as the different status they have
Reed beds and Sedge beds are natural habitats found in floodplains, waterlogged depressions and estuaries. Reed beds are part of a succession from young reed colonising open water or wet ground through a gradation of increasingly dry ground.
As reed beds age, they
Coastal lagoons is a priority habitat under Annex I of the EU Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC and the Protection and Management of Nature and Wildlife Ordinance 2007. It is a rare habitat in Cyprus, confined to the main sites at Akrotiri
The coastal zone of Cyprus is characterised by rich wildlife of prime ecological and scientific value. Along the 772km of the Cyprus coastline, coasts are almost everywhere low and shelving. Sea cliffs of any magnitude are extremely rare.
According to its substrate, the shoreline is rocky mainly with pebble beaches (54%) with sandy beaches and many small coves (46%).
The habitat is based on the meadows formed by the slow-growing seagrass species of Posidonia oceanica which has wide, persistent rhizomes. The beds rise above sea surface through sedimentation, vertical rhizome growth, dead rhizomes and shells/organic debris,